Fundamentals of Computer Systems

This Computer Fundamentals course offers students an understanding of computers, how they operate and a basic understanding of how to maintain and manage computers and their systems. The skills gained will enable students to configure computers and solve computer problems.

Students learn details on various elements of computers and computer systems. They learn to identify various hardware devices and their functions. They are instructed on the role of operating systems, in addition to how to customize and install the Windows operating system. Students will learn about the Internet and networking; and be introduced to security issues for protecting themselves, the data and computers.

Students also learn about certain software applications typically utilized in modern computers, including Microsoft Office. Moreover, students learn specifics on troubleshooting and maintaining computers, including backing up systems, managing files, and using administrative tools in the Windows operating system. Finally, students learn the fundamentals of customer service and working as a help desk support technician.


  • Following completion of this course, students can understand computers, their functions, and develop basic skills in computer service to meet customer needs effectively.
  • Students are able to implement techniques in problem-solving to understand the nature of computer issues.
  • They will understand software, hardware components, and the Internet, to enable them to maintain, update and develop computer systems.
  • Following this course, students are also able to use the Internet to update computer systems and carry out other tasks relating to IT service.
  • They are able to configure, modify and install operating systems and software to guarantee optimal function of the system.
  • Students are able to carry out backup procedures for protecting information. They are also able to recognize potential security threats, and understand procedures for security maintenance.
  • Following this course, students will be able to offer IT training and support for networks and computers.


(click on the module heading to reveal a lesson by lesson breakdown)


  • Course Overview
  • The Motherboard and the CPU
  • Storage Systems and Memory
  • Project: Semiconductor Chips
  • Graphic Devices and Peripherals
  • Project: Building a Computer
  • Quiz 1: Computer Hardware
  • Operating Systems Basics
  • Project: Testing Operating Systems
  • The Boot Sequence–Command Prompt and BIOS
  • Installation, Upgrades, and Maintenance of Operating Systems
  • Project: Installing an Operating System
  • Quiz 2: The Operating System
  • Project: Special Project
  • Unit 1 Test
  • Course Project Part 1: Operating System
  • Glossary and Credits

  • Windows Desktop, Start Menu, and Task Bar,Including Windows Task Manager
  • The Control Panelt
  • Project: Help Desk Solutions
  • Windows Accessories and Built-in Applications
  • Project: Scavenger Hunt
  • Quiz 1: Windows 101
  • Basic Networking Concepts
  • Connecting to a Network or Domain
  • Project: Setting Up an Internal Network
  • Troubleshooting Internet Connectivity
  • Project: Creating a Strategy Using Available Resources
  • Quiz 2: Networking
  • Project: Special Project
  • Unit 2 Test
  • Course Project Part 2: Networking
  • Glossary and Credits

  • Internet Uses and Abilities
  • Project: Researching the History of the Internet
  • Comparing Internet Browsers
  • Configuring Internet Options
  • Project: Determining Browser Controls
  • Quiz 1: The Internet
  • Microsoft Word
  • Project: Support Tech
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Project: Developing a Spreadsheet
  • Microsoft PowerPoint/Outlook
  • Quiz 2: Microsoft Office
  • Project: Special Project
  • Unit 3 Test
  • Course Project Part 3: Microsoft Office
  • Glossary and Credits

  • Staying Safe on the Web
  • Project: Be Secure
  • Security Threats to Your Computer
  • Security Threat Removal Tools
  • Project: Putting Your Computer Skills to the Test
  • Quiz 1: Virus Protection
  • Managing Your File System
  • Backing Up Your Computer
  • Project: Creating a Data Security Plan
  • Using the Cloud
  • Project: Using Cloud Computing Services
  • Quiz 2: Data Protection
  • Project: Special Project
  • Unit 4 Test
  • Course Project Part 4: Security
  • Glossary and Credits

  • The Computer Management Console
  • Built-in Tools from Windows – Troubleshooting,Help and Support, Remote Assistance
  • Project: Troubleshooting Computers
  • Using the Internet as a Resource
  • Project: Researching Computer Issues and Solutions
  • Quiz 1: Troubleshooting Tools and Resources
  • Preventive Maintenance
  • Project: Preventive Maintenance
  • Computers and the Environment
  • Supporting the Computer User
  • Project: Providing Good Customer Service
  • Quiz 2: The Role of the Help Desk
  • Project: Special Project
  • Unit 5 Test
  • Course Project Part 5: Preventive Maintenance
  • Glossary and Credits

  • Course Project Part 6
  • Review
  • Exam


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